EARTHQUAKE RISK ASSESSMENT FOR ISTANBUL METROPOLITAN AREA BY DETERMINISTIC APPROACH
Bülent Hakan Akman
(Thesis Supervisor: Mustafa Erdik)
The largest city, Istanbul in Turkey which has a complex tectonic region and is one of the most seismically active regions of the Eastern Mediterranean. Throught the city's history, earthquakes have been the most damaging natural disasters that have affected the area. Therefore, earthquakes constitute one of the most important natural hazards and risks for fstanbul and the mitigation of this risk necessitate immediate preparation of disaster response and management plans. The primary objective of this study is to develop a hazard map of fstanbul by deterministic approach. This means according to a specified scenario earthquake the damage to buildings and infrastructure with their appropriate physical and socioeconomical consequences were considered. In this study the aim was to investigate the damage to both suffered buildings and the most critical elements at risk The resulting planning earthquake scenario is intended to contribute to the efforts the local offices with emergency planning responsibilities and private sectors and planners who must understand the scope of the hazard in order to prepare it. Keywords: Earthquake, Deterministic, Vulnerability, Scenario.